Linguistic ability is a prerequisite for reasoning skills, and neural processes have been evidenced in language learning as well as use. Human language processing can be viewed as human processing of information, where terms as a system, program, and option, though correlative with computer science, are not to imply close a correspondence, since natural language remains a scope of skill unmatched by artificial parsing. Human neurophysiology is the primary reference for the following discourse on the role of feedback in human language command.
Living organisms use DNA-encoded information, for growth and sustainment. These genetic codes have been compared with programs (Young, 1984), where a program may be understood as a systematic plan for an automatic solution of a problem (Webster’s Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, 1989). Biological forms depend for activity on continued renewal of own structures (Young, 1984). The task of homeostasis uphold, to require bodily substance natural selection and exchange, can serve an example of a problem, for biological programs as hitherto defined.
The systemic selection and exchange to concern the single cell and structures as complex as human beings, a DNA pattern for active protein production may exemplify a biological program. Importantly, even basic programs for cellular activity can be claimed to rely on feedback for enactment (Vander et al., 1985), feedback to be defined as returning of part the output of a system to be reintroduced as input, for information systems (Webster’s Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language, 1989).
Positive and negative feedback types have been recognized, where the former, also known as regenerative feedback, aids the input, whereas the latter opposes it, hence the alternate term, “inverse feedback”. Elementary cellular functioning to accrue into schemata that allow learned behaviors, integrated neural patterns can be posited to build on feedback for their formation, effectuation, and permanence.
Based on the use in control of automatic operations, Norbert Wiener insisted that feedback processes appertained with neuroscience as well. Neurophysiologically and psychologically, feedback productiveness can be understood as a closed-loop capability over open-loop sequences (Puppel, 1988, 1996). The capacity would act in natural language as a function of the human nervous system. The system is studied for feedback phenomena in cellular, intercellular, and interschematic dimensions.
For a competent insight into natural language, the inquiry includes human communication as an interplay of personal and inter-individual qualities. Psycholinguistics to constitute the framework for the intended quest, dependence on feedback is examined in language acquisition, use, and deficit. Natural and principled occurrence to become affirmed with regard to human neurophysiology and psychology, feedback reliance shall be argued to approximate a drive, the relevant instinct to be that for self-preservation. In this view to human information processing, feedback would have the role of an initiating, mediating, and modeling factor.
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Chapter 1. Neurophysiology of feedback 1.1. Feedback in the single neuron; 1.2. Space and time in neural communication; 1.3. Human systemic dynamics; 1.4. A reflex arc; 1.5. Human reflex and voluntary behavior; 1.6. Relevant neuro-motor patterns; 1.7. Sensory compensation; 1.8. The pool model for internal balance; 1.9. Signal specificity and the human brain.
Natural language remains a scope of skill unmatched by artificial parsing. Sophia is only an input-output device, capable of trading lexical items and responding with verbal routines.
I have never been interested in robotics and Sophia remains an it to me, a thing with a female name. I do not understand why the United Arab Emirates granted citizenship to an emulation of human personality.
Feel welcome to human high quality language skill; Creative Commons 2019; my edition, full access, reasonable amount of dashes.
Internet Archive, Poems by Emily Dickinson.