Human brains, parameters and devices

Noam Chomsky proposed his Language Acquisition Device to explain human language learning.

 

It is true that people are most flexible to acquire language until some 14 years old; nobody can merely memorize language, and there has to be a logical capacity, which we can name a device.

 

I do comprehend that a device may be something devised, as well as a faculty that devises.

 

However, in everyday language, a device is a thing that could be operated externally, from the outside. Association with such governance could not be my ideal.

 

At the break of the 19th and 20th centuries, people were used to specialization quite well. Linguistics was separate from psychology, as neurology was from endocrinology. Human language was stated to belong with two brain areas, Broca and Wernicke.

 

1. Do we yet learn language without hearing or seeing it? Wernicke or Broca, the areas are not the brain gnostic matter for the senses.

IMAGE: BRAIN AREAS OF LOCALIZATION

AREAS OF LOCALIZATION ON LATERAL SURFACE OF HEMISPHERE. MOTOR AREA IN RED. AREA OF GENERAL SENSATIONS IN BLUE. AUDITORY AREA IN GREEN. VISUAL AREA IN YELLOW. THE PSYCHIC PORTIONS ARE IN LIGHTER TINTS. SOURCE: GRAY; CLICK TO SEE OVER WIKIMEDIA COMMONS.

 

The brain “psychic” areas as in the picture above are another name for brain gnostic structures. They neighbor directly on primary areas for the senses.

 

The gnostic brain matter has knowledge of the sense, be it hearing or vision, as a particular person has developed it. The knowledge is part psychological, hence the name “psychic”.

 

Brain sensory and gnostic neurons take part in our perceiving language.

 

2. Having perceived speech and language, do we learn to say or write our Ts and Zs without goal-oriented thinking? Both frontal lobes partake in human acting on purpose.

IMAGE: BRAIN FRONTAL LOBE

A ROTATING ANIMATION OF THE HUMAN BRAIN SHOWING THE LEFT FRONTAL LOBE IN RED. SOURCE: POLYGON DATA BY LIFE SCIENCE DATABASES (LSDB); CC-BY-SA-2.1-jp. CLICK TO VIEW OVER WIKIMEDIA COMMONS.

 

3. Would people have evolved language in some “non-time” and “non-space”? Wernicke or Broca are not the limbic system, brainstem, or parietal gnostic structures that integrate the senses.

 

PICTURE: THE LIMBIC SYSTEM

THE LIMBIC SYSTEM; SOURCE: BLAUSEN.COM STAFF (2014). “MEDICAL GALLERY OF BLAUSEN MEDICAL 2014”. WIKIJOURNAL OF MEDICINE 1 (2). DOI:10.15347/WJM/2014.010. ISSN 2002-4436.

 

The limbic system participates in human orienting responses of psychological components. The responses are not limited to behaviorist fight-or-flight behaviors. They are part in decisions as to look around, pick up a text, or choose to read on.

 

The brainstem mediates our follow-up with an orienting response. It relays for the neocortex, that is, the gray tissue, as well as the autonomic nervous system.
PICTURE: THE BRAINSTEM

THE BRAINSTEM; SOURCE: BLAUSEN.COM STAFF (2014). “MEDICAL GALLERY OF BLAUSEN MEDICAL 2014”. WIKIJOURNAL OF MEDICINE 1 (2). DOI:10.15347/WJM/2014.010. ISSN 2002-4436.

 

Hearts and minds go numb, without parietal function. Damage may cause dysphasia/aphasia, dyscalculia, dyslexia, apraxia, and agnosia, read over Wikipedia.

The Broca area is only a small proportion of the dominant frontal lobe, and the Wernicke belongs with the brain dominant temporal area, whereas all the above mentioned neural structures are tissue that learns with specificity particular to the human individual.

*****

This is why I have always preferred the notion of a human language faculty, over the Language Acquisition Device. More or less, language skill needs the brain entire, regardless of age.

Feel welcome to read,
ASPECTS, OR COGNITIVE VARIABLES?

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We are well into the 21st century now; language and psychology can get along well together, as psycholinguistics.

 

The discipline emerged in the second half of the 20th century, and that with heart and reason against behaviorism, which is actually too primitive for a proper grasp of language.

 

Even if our knowledge on human brains and languages is very general, we can comprehend this simple argument.

 

The brain does not have a singular superior structure we could call “the boss”. Brains make networks within. One time, a network or its part is more active. Another time, it is another network or part of a network.

 

Whether we would call it a soul, a personality, or brain epiphenomenon (if extremely tired), the human psyche orients and re-orients for activity without a permanently dominant gyrus or sulcus.

 

If we would enjoy a political metaphor, brain structures would be more of a democracy. There is no king or queen tissue that would all the time preside.

 

There is no universal way to see, hear, feel, or think, and fragmented pictures on the human brain cannot serve humanity well. Stimulus-response methods can be only simplistic.

 

This is why I do not see sense in recognizing “brain devices” and scanning them for parameters. Feel welcome to read:
APPLES ON NOSES

 

I do see sense in making linguistic devices a human brain can use. It would be very difficult, to manage grammar without any tactics. My grammar web log presents my logical set for American English. Feel welcome.
GRAMMAR WEB LOG

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LINK: READ THIS IN A SLAVIC LANGUAGE, POLISH

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