Algat: anyone, anyhow


Esau answered, I beseech you, may anyone of the people who are with me live your way.

Gloss within the Lexica project.

Genesis, 33:15
Wycliffe volume 1, page 150

Early Version
Esau answeride, Y preye thee, that of the puple that is with me, algatis felawis dwellen of thi weye.

Later Version
Esau answeride, Y preie is thee, that of the puple which is with me, nameli felowis of thi weie dwellei.

Wycliffe forms and reference: algat, algatis, allegates;
Genesis 33:15; Exodus 9:4, 6; Matthew 26: 11; Romans 2:10; Corinthians 5:6.

Etymology: al-gate, in any case, all-way; derived from Icelandic alla götu, every way; Wiktionary.

Further examples
Exodus 9:4, cf. 9:6
Wycliffe volume 1, page 211

Early Version
… and the Lord shal do a meruelows thing bitwix possessiouns of ‘Yrael and the possessions of Egipcyens, that no thing algatis perishe of thes thingis that pertenen to the sones of Yrael.

Later Version
… and the Lord schal make a merueilous thing bitwixe the possessiouns of Israel and the possessiouns of Egipcians, that outirli nothing perische of these thingis that perteynen to the sones of Israel.

Modern English
… and the Lord will make a marvelous thing between the possessions of Israel and the possessions of Egyptians, so that nothing perishes anyhow, of the things that pertain to the sons of Israel.

Matthew, 26:11
Wycliffe volume 4, page 73

Early Version
For whi ʒee shulen ‘euermore haue pore men with ʒou, but ʒee shulen nat algatis haue me.

Later Version
For ʒe schulen euere haue pore men with ʒou, but ʒo schulen not algatis haue me.

Modern English
For you will ever have poor men with you, but you will not anyhow have me.

Romans, 11:10
Wycliffe volume 4, page 326

Early Version
Be the yjen of hem maad derke, that thei se not; and incroke algatis the bak of hem.

Later Version
Be the iʒen of hem maad derk, that thei se not; and bowe thou doun algatis the bak of hem.

Modern English
Obscured be their vision, so that they cannot see; and and you bend down their backs for all directions.

Corinthians, 6:7
Wycliffe volume 4, page 347

Early Version
Now forsoth trespas is algatis in ʒou, for ʒe han domes among ʒou.

Later Version
And now trespas is algatis in ʒou, for ʒe han domes among ʒou.

Modern English
And now there is anyway trespass in you, as you have feudal judgment among you.

(Please compare the Doomesday Book and the dictionary by Mayhew and Skeat, for domes.)

Additional note, context for Romans 11.
Therefore, say I, is it possible that God has put his people away? Far from that. I am an Israelite of the line of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. The Lord has not put away his people, those about whom he had thought. Would you not know what the scripture says on Elias? How he implored God against Israel: Lord, they have slain your prophets, buried your altars, and now, I remain alone, and they are seeking my life. But what did God answer to him? I have left myself seven thousand men who have not bent their knees for Baal. Therefore, in this time, reliefs of a second choosing are by grace of avail. What is of grace is not of works, but otherwise grace is not grace. Therefore, what Israel has sought, is not going to be, but the choosing is going to be (quid ergo quod quaerebat Israhel hoc non est consecutus; electio autem consecuta est); other matters truly are oblivion (ceteri vero excaecati sunt).

For “the spirit of compunction”, please compare Bede Venerabilis, Book III, Chapter 19 in English, or Gentis Anglorum Cap. XIX, §§24, desiderium conpunctionis, in Latin.

Regarding ancient usage, please compare Cicero, puncta, in Plancius. The Latin Bible phrase is “spiritus conpunctionis”; we can find “puncta” also in other resources.

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