All natural languages ■→spatialize, that is, relate time and physical space. Part the words we have for space work also for time, as before, in, or on. There has to be a place for a thing to take time in this world, and language correlates expressions for time with those for place.
The word spatialization comes from the Latin spatium. It meant a place, space, or extent.
The Space Odyssey girl says her mommy is gone to shopping. She relates activity and place:
Gone to shopping.
■→2001: A Space Odyssey, Stanley Kubrick Productions .
We people all first learn telling where objects, creatures, events, or people are. Ability to tell when things happen comes later. Orientation in physical space is primary, hence the name spatialization.
The early thinking does not vanish with maturity, and spatialization belongs well with language standards:
before the turn, might tell about a place;
before ten, might tell about a time.
Languages may differ in particular words to transact between space and time, spatialization yet remains sane and good sense also when we are grown up. It does not require that we think different, for shopping or fishing. It can help an early and natural cognitive ability later in life.
Let us try a mild brainteaser. If we compare our answers with family, friends, or other people, and get consistent results, we can consider the thing natural, even if we have never thought so far there could be anything like spatialization.
TASK 1. We have four short words and four patterns. We try to couple the patterns and the words.
Here are the four short words:
TO (as with a place: to that place);
ON (as with a ground: on this ground);
AT (as with a landmark: at that landmark);
IN (as with an area or space: in that area or space).
One match is done for us.
□ The pattern is: I have thought.
□ The short word is: TO.
All the answers show down the page.
Here are the four patterns:
A. I think.
It is my opinion that…
Generally, I believe it is…
B. I am thinking.
I am considering, deliberating;
I am wondering if…
C. I have thought.
It has been some time now, that I reckon;
It has been my opinion that…
D. I have been thinking.
It has been some time now, that I am considering…
It has been some time now, that I am wondering if…
TASK 2. Let us think if we would couple patterns and short words differently, for talking about the past or future.
E. I thought | I will think.
F. I was thinking | I will be thinking.
G. I had thought | I will have thought.
H. I had been thinking | I will have been thinking.
The results show after you scroll the picture.
I think: ON;
I am thinking: IN;
I have thought: TO;
I have been thinking: AT.
The associations can work the same for the past and the future.
Feel welcome to read more:
■→Grammatical Aspects or cognitive variables?
■→This text is also available in Polish.
The world may never have seen her original handwriting, if her skill was taken for supernatural. Feel welcome to Poems by Emily Dickinson prepared for print by Teresa Pelka: thematic stanzas, notes on the Greek and Latin inspiration, the correlative with Webster 1828, and the Aristotelian motif, Things perpetual — these are not in time, but in eternity.
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Knowledge gains with good translation
■Public Domain Translation
© & CC FROM AMERICAN ENGLISH TO POLISH
Świat może i nigdy nie widział jej oryginalnego pisma, jeśli jej umiejętność została wzięta za nadnaturalną. Zapraszam do Wierszy Emilii Dickinson w przekładzie Teresy Pelka: zwrotka tematyczna, notki o inspiracji greką i łaciną, korelacie z Websterem 1828 oraz wątku arystotelesowskim, Rzecz perpetualna — ta nie zasadza się na czasie, ale na wieczności.
■PDF w Internet Archive;
■E-pub 2.99 USD;
■268 stron, 21.91 USD.